2        

8   缺 ٲ ܾ ¸ ǥؾ

          ´. ( ǥؾ , .)

                                                               

           -             -          ū 沱桯.

           -                   -                 -. -, -, -, -, -,

                                                                ٶ-, -

           ߰-            ߰-            ̡, ū ż, ż̡.

                            

                                                   , ,

           -ٸ            -ٸ

           Ƽ, Ƽ        Ѿ, Ѿƶ          ϴ

           -               -               λ絵 -̡.

                                                   . -

 

        ٸ, ǽ ϰ ۿϴ ܾ 缺 ¸ ״ ǥؾ

         ´.( ǥؾ , .)

                                                            

           (ݦ)                               , -

           絷()                               碦, Ȣ

           (߲)                               â, ܢ, ó

 

9   ӡ ൿȭ Ģ ǥ ƴϵ, ٸ

           ܾ ׷ ȭ ¸ ǥؾ ´.

                               ( ǥؾ ,  .)

                                                             

           -                 -                 -, ð-, -, Dz-

                             

           -ġ      -ġ

 

   [1]   ܾ '' ȭ Ͼ ƴ ¸ ǥؾ ´.
                                    ( ǥؾ , .)

                                                       

                          

 

   [2]  ڿԴ '-', ܿ '-' ٴ ¸ ǥؾ ´.

                                     ( ǥؾ , )

                                                       

                           

                       

                           

           ұ            ұ

           -       -

                       

           ߸            ߸

 

10   ܾ ܼȭ ¸ ǥؾ ´.( ǥؾ , .)

                                                                               

           -ϴ             -ϴ/-ϴ

           -                    -

           ̷-             ̷-                                 ڸ׳

           ̸                     ̷                                         گ. , ,

                                

           -                   -                                        

                               

           -            -

                            

           -     -                           -Ÿ